A serial number is an alphanumeric piece of information that you assign to an individual unit of an item. A serialized unit is a combination of an item and a serial number. You can track individual units of items by using serial numbers. Serial number control is a system technique for enforcing the use of serial numbers during a material transaction. You use serial numbers to track items over which you want to maintain very tight control.
Steps to Implement Serial Number Control for Your Items
- Choose organization-level serial number uniqueness and default generation options.
- Enter item-level serial number control options.
- Define serial numbers to assign to serial-controlled items./Enter transactions for serial-number-controlled items.
- Update information for specific serialized units.
Uses in Oracle Inventory
- Material Transactions: You can enter serial numbers when you use inventory transactions to move serialized units.
- Cycle Counts: You can enter cycle counts for items under serial number control.
- Physical Inventory: You can enter physical inventory counts for items under serial control.
- Reports and Inquiries: Oracle Inventory reports and inquiry windows display serial number information for items and transactions.
Types of Serial Number Uniqueness
You can choose one of three types of serial number uniqueness control for your organization:
- Within inventory items
- Within organization
- Across organizations
Uniqueness applies only to the organization establishing the type of control.For example, if organization M1 Mfg. establishes unique serial numbers across organizations, it cannot use a serial number already used by organization Sacramento Mfg. However, M2 Mfg., with a different type of control, can still use serial numbers already used by Austin Mfg. Therefore, if you choose unique serial numbers across organizations for one of your organizations, you should make sure that you set the same uniqueness control for all other organizations.
Serial Number Generation Options @organization parameter
At Item Level
You can specify a starting serial number prefix and a starting serial number when you define the item. Oracle Inventory uses the starting serial number prefix and the starting serial number for each item to generate serial numbers for that item.
At Organization Level
You can specify a starting serial number prefix and a starting serial number when you enter organization parameters. Oracle Inventory uses the starting serial number prefix and the starting serial number to generate serial numbers for all items.
Serial Number Generation Options @Item
No Control: Do not enter serial number data when you transact your item.
Predefined: You must enter serial number data whenever you use the item in a material transaction in Oracle Inventory. Use the Generate Serial Numbers window to generate serial numbers for the item. You can assign predefined serial numbers to receive the item into inventory.
At Receipt: You must enter serial number information whenever you use the item in a material transaction. Create and assign serial numbers when you receive the item in to inventory. You do not have to generate your serial numbers ahead of time; you can enter them dynamically at transaction time.
At Sales Order Issue: Create and assign serial numbers when you issue the item against a sales order. You do not have to use serial number information for any other types of material transaction. You do not have to generate your serial numbers ahead of time; you can enter them at transaction time.
If you receive an item with this control option back into inventory on a return materials(s) authorization (RMA), you must specify the serial numbers you created on sales order issue.